遠景學院是山西農業大學信息學院為提高教學質量,深化教育教學改革的一項創新,是精英人才培養的試驗基地,是一個高端教育品牌。學院實行通識教育,采用全新的人才培養模式,實施個性化的人才培養方案,擁有相對獨立的教學區和生活區,注重學思結合,倡導啟發式、探究式、討論式、參與式教學,幫助學生學會學習,激發學生的好奇心,培養學生的興趣愛好,營造獨立思考、[詳情]

    【厚植博雅·體驗篇】遠景學子參加2020如梭計劃博雅教育體驗營

    時間:2020年09月14日信息來源:本站原創 點擊: 【字體:

    如梭計劃(The Rousseau Project)由外研社聯合哥倫比亞大學的中國留學生創辦,它的核心是以小班教學為主的人文研討會,其靈感來自于哥倫比亞大學引以為傲的人文核心課程。學生將在引讀人的指導下,一同閱讀選定的文本或瀏覽其他形式的內容(電影、音樂、圖像等),并在課堂上以討論的方式進行學習,使觀點相互碰撞。人文研討會每個班級不超過25人,使每一位學生都可以積極地發表自己的觀點。

    本計劃理念與形式與遠景學院的博雅教育育人理念和教學形式十分貼合,故我院學生積極參加本次活動,經過層層選拔,最終我院2018級張雯瑜、2019級朱艷慧和劉咪3名學生成功入選本次2020如梭計劃博雅教育體驗營。

    他們在一周的時間內,分別與來自哥倫比亞大學、牛津大學的4位領讀人共同閱讀和分析英文文本資料,采用全英文交流的方式,討論了哲學、歷史學和人類學的4個話題。

    這是我院學生主動參與名校交流、國際交流的一次嘗試,是對博雅教育理念的認可和深入學習,也是對遠景學院國際化育人的一次成果展示。

    【厚植博雅·體驗篇】遠景學子參加2020如梭計劃博雅教育體驗營
    張雯瑜

    張雯瑜如是說

    很榮幸參加了“2020如梭計劃”的學習討論。在完成“人類學:物品與社會”與“什么是歷史”兩門課程的學習后引發了我的很多思考,同時話題性討論也讓我受益頗多。

    “什么是歷史”這門課程我們首先圍繞柯林伍德的著作《歷史的觀念》展開學習,然后就伍德視角下的歷史觀展開了討論。閱讀前提是對所述的那段歷史爛熟于心,在老師講述過程中我出現了相關知識缺失的問題,但在引讀人的幫助下及時完成了知識的補充同時也順利地完成了原著片段的閱讀。我認為這是本次課程中最有挑戰的環節。我們在短時間內進行高強度的閱讀訓練,無論是對我們的語言提升,還是思維提升都是極有幫助的。在閱讀這部富有挑戰性的歷史哲學類著作的過程中產生了一些疑惑:“他或他們為什么會這樣想?”“為什么我不會這樣看?”。在隨后老師的進一步分析及學員的討論中我找到了原因。我們所處的時代背景大有不同,這是我有時很難理解作者的最大原因。同時我也認識到歷史很難中立,需要我們以自然科學為手段做直觀的研究?铝治榈碌挠^念史;黑格爾的精神自由時政化;馬克思的統一史觀,每個人都有每個人的思考角度,我們要在分析研究中形成自己的觀念。要價值判斷中立,避免多視角化。我們站在前人的角度理解前人的觀點,得出自己的觀點是一個學習進步的過程。但理解并不等于認同。是否認同就需要自己通過具體的分析來判斷。

    【厚植博雅·體驗篇】遠景學子參加2020如梭計劃博雅教育體驗營
    朱艷慧

    朱艷慧如是說

    通過如梭計劃的學習,我的思想認知被極大地顛覆。我非常感謝此次博雅培訓給我帶來的視覺盛宴和頭腦風暴。與老師和同學們思維碰撞的過程,激發了我對社會學和心理學相關理論的探索興趣。讓我明白了異化并不是個例,孤獨可以是一群人的狂歡。

    在學習方面——在這七天的如梭計劃的學習中,每天都有不同的話題進行探討,而且每個話題都是津津有味和引人入勝,我第一次這么認真的思考每一個名詞的含義,開始辯證原本熟悉的認知,并努力多角度地看待問題;我第一次有機會和來自全國各地的哲學愛好者天南海北地談話,感慨相同的異化遭遇和心情;我第一次全程頭腦風暴般地大開腦洞,并體會到了大咖授課的快樂。這次博雅培訓讓我受益匪淺,更加激起了我對哲學知識的學習興趣。

    在思想方面——使我擺脫了大學期間有些膚淺及消極的想法,重新檢驗并豎立了新的人生觀、價值觀。從最開始的對異化的定義,就讓我重審自己,產生極大的共鳴,所謂的“越長大越孤單”的委屈也就消散了,以哲學的高度來俯視這個心理現象就如醍醐灌頂般的釋然了。而到消費主義與功利主義這兩個話題時老師聯系楊超越的例子,讓我感到哲學并不是那么高深莫測的,它其實是萬事萬物都貫通的道理。還有體驗機這給課題,以及由此衍生出來的高級快樂和低級快樂的思考,再到性感與色情的辯證,將機器與未來的發展聚焦,讓我感受了穿越到未來又猛地穿越回史前的生活所帶來的震撼,我開始思考自己的無限可能。藝術的異化這個話題讓我欣喜若狂,給我提供了和藝術家靈魂對話的機會,很高興在這里遇到了知音。最后的生活意義這個話題的思考讓我熱淚盈眶,老師解釋了哲學的真實目的是為了讓我們養成思考的習慣。很慶幸在我最孤獨之時能有人生導師指引方向,能有全國各地的好友感同深受。

    世界充滿了異化的可能,真實就在于你能以哪種方式看待生活。就像David foster wallace說的,This is water,this is life

    劉咪如是說

    A Summary of Learning about Thought Experiments

    Through studying, I have come into contact with many interesting and thought-provoking thought experiments which can help us develop reasonable and rational thinking activities without being controlled by external objective conditions. In the past few days of study and discussion, I have learned many thought experiments in the field of philosophy. The thought experiments that I am interested in include “the brain in a vat”, “the defense of abortion”, and “the tram problem”. I would like to share some of my views on the thought experiment of "brain in a vat".

      In “the brain in vat” thought experiment, the human brain is put into a special nutrient solution after being separated from the human body, and then connected to a supercomputer and then controlled by the computer to make the consciousness preserved. At this time, the brain is not will realize how different it is from before. The thought experiment on “the brain in the vat” sounds very incredible, but this experiment uses bold imagination to ask people a question—— “Do humans really exist?” “Are human beings themselves or ‘brains in vat’ controlled by more powerful and unknown forces?” Although this experiment has ruled out the influence of all external technology and other objective factors, and the author has overturned this hypothesis, I still want to refute “the brain in vat” conjecture based on my ideas.

    On the one hand, I think that “the brain in the vat” must be only an imaginary. If the brain can live alone in a special cultivation container, although its consciousness still exists, the consciousness that the brain possesses at this time is controlled by the computer. , Or the generation of electric wave stimulation. In fact, it can be considered that after being separated from the body, the human brain can no longer be counted as an independent person, because it no longer possesses human free will. He is just a brain controlled by a machine. The images and behaviors produced in the brain are only produced by the computer or the person who controls the computer. Therefore, “the brain in this vat “does not have human subjective initiative and cannot be counted as a person or still call it a living person. Then it can be considered that” the brain in the vat” will never realize that it is the brain in the vat, because its cognition is input and is limited to a certain range.

    On the other hand, humans cannot be the brain in the vat, because people can reflect on this question for themselves--"Am I the brain in the vat?” “Do I really exist?", so I think that humans exist objectively , because people have free will and the ability to explore. In fact, the environment in which people live is also an objective reality, not a virtual picture created by other forces. If there are doubts, then it turns out that when you are blind or deaf, your ability to receive information from the outside world is weakened and you cannot fully understand the external world. But this does not mean that the external world does not exist, because there are still healthy people who see and perceive this real world. So I think that people and the external world that people live in are objectively existing, but because our ability to explore the external world is limited, there are still many unknown spaces on the earth and even the universe outside the earth waiting for us to discover. Judging from the thought experiment text of Brain in the Vat the author used many examples to emphasize the importance of will to people before this thought experiment, just as it said that works produced without subjective consciousness will not have actual representative meaning.

     All in all, the internal activities of the brain without subjective consciousness cannot be counted as human thinking activities. Therefore, humans exist objectively, not just “the brain in the vat”. In my opinion when we think that people are "brain in a vat", to a certain extent, there is a misunderstanding of exaggerating the role of consciousness. I think we should look at consciousness more objectively, and we cannot simply think that "existence is perceived". Some things that we cannot perceive actually exist objectively. Consciousness also needs to be expressed through matter, rather than just being drawn away from matter.

     

    (作者:劉崇敏 編輯:jingying)
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